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HIV/AIDS Epidemiology & Mortality

New HIV Diagnoses Stable In Western Europe, Rising in Central and Eastern Europe

The annual surveillance report recently released by the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) shows that the number and rate of new diagnoses of HIV is continuing to rise in Eastern Europe, and is also rising sharply, though from a much lower base, in Central Europe. Meanwhile, the annual number of new diagnoses is stable in Western Europe, but continues to increase among gay men and other men who have sex with men (MSM) in most Central European and Western European countries.

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EACS 2015: Majority of Migrants with HIV in Europe May Have Acquired Virus in New Country

A study presented at the 15th European AIDS Conference last month in Barcelona found evidence that the majority of migrants living with HIV in Europe, and who were diagnosed less than 5 years ago, probably acquired the virus in their host country rather than the one in which they were born. The aMASE (Advancing Migrant Access to Health Services in Europe) study found that the proportion of people with a documented or probable date of HIV infection later than their move to, or within, Europe was higher than those with a documented or probable pre-migration infection date, and that this applied to all risk groups, all areas of origin, and both sexes.

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Reaching UNAIDS HIV Treatment Targets Could Avert Millions of Deaths and New Infections

Achieving UNAIDS 90-90-90 targets for getting more people with HIV diagnosed and on antiretroviral therapy (ART) in 2 of the hardest-hit countries -- Nigeria and South Africa -- could avert more than 3 million deaths, according to a study published in the July 6 edition of PLoS ONE. The new Fast-Track Cities Initiative aims to help make this goal a reality in the highest-burden cities.

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IAS 2015: Young Gay Men at Lower Risk for HIV than Previous Generations, but Racial Disparities Persist

An innovative analysis of HIV trends in the Seattle area has found that gay men who were born in the early 1960s had the highest lifetime risk of acquiring HIV, but that this risk has declined dramatically in subsequent generations. But while black gay men born in the 1970s and 1980s have a much lower risk of acquiring HIV than their forebears, racial disparities remain stark, according to a report at the 8thInternational AIDS Society Conference on HIV Pathogenesis, Treatment and Prevention last month in Vancouver.

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Goal of 15 Million People with HIV on Treatment Met Ahead of Schedule, says UNAIDS

The Millennium Development Goal (MDG) of getting 15 million HIV-positive people worldwide onto antiretroviral therapy (ART) by 2015 -- a goal many once considered impossible -- has been reached 9 months sooner than projected, according to a new report from UNAIDS. Other MDG target have also been achieved or exceeded, as new HIV infections have decreased by 35% and AIDS-related deaths by 41%, and more than 80 countries have halted or reversed their epidemics.

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