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IDWeek 2016: Electronic Health Records Can Help Select Candidates for HIV PrEP

A machine learning algorithm used to analyze electronic health records (EHRs) identified high-risk individuals who could potentially benefit from HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), according to a report presented this week at IDWeek 2016 in New Orleans. Out of 800,000 patients in a large EHR database, more that 8000 were found to be potential PrEP candidates.

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IDWeek 2016: Only a Small Proportion of HIV+ Gay Men Receive Anal Cancer Screening

In the absence of national screening guidelines, only 11% of HIV-positive gay and bisexual men in the U.S. received anal Pap smears to detect anal cancer or precancerous cell changes during 2009-2012, with disparities between patient groups and variations across centers, according to a presentation at IDWeek, taking place this week in New Orleans.

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IDWeek 2016: Ibalizumab Monoclonal Antibody Looks Promising for HIV Patients Left Behind

Ibalizumab, an experimental antiretroviral agent that works differently than existing HIV drugs, demonstrated promising safety and antiviral activity in a small Phase 3 study of people with highly drug-resistant virus, according to a report at the IDWeek conference this week in New Orleans. If confirmed in larger studies, this could be good news for HIV patients who cannot be successfully treated using available therapies.

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HIV Glasgow: French Study Reveals Growing Complexity of Medical Needs as People with HIV Age

The complexity of the needs of people living with HIV will continue to increase as the population ages, and clinicians need to go beyond thinking about co-morbidities to consider multi-morbidities -- clusters of medical conditions that complicate one another -- when caring for these people, Edouard Battegay from the University Hospital Zurich told attendees at the International Congress on Drug Therapy in HIV Infection (HIV Glasgow) this week.

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HIV Glasgow: 2-Drug HIV Therapy Just as Effective as Standard 3-Drug Therapy

Simplification of antiretroviral treatment to a boosted protease inhibitor and the nucleoside analog lamivudine -- a dual regimen -- is highly effective for people switching from a stable 3-drug regimen, researchers reported this week at the International Congress on Drug Therapy in HIV Infection (HIV Glasgow).

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HIV Glasgow: Dolutegravir and Central Nervous System Side-Effects -- Abacavir, Older Age Increase the Risk

Insomnia, dizziness, headache, and other central nervous system (CNS) side effects are occurring more frequently with everyday use of dolutegravir than clinical trials had suggested, and are most likely to occur among women, people over age 60, and people starting abacavir at the same time, a German research group reported at the International Congress on Drug Therapy in HIV Infection (HIV Glasgow) this week.

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HIVR4P 2016: Some Americans Who Need PrEP the Most Face the Greatest Barriers

The personal values and moral judgments of healthcare providers are likely to interfere with the appropriate provision of HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), Sarah Calabrese of Yale University reported at the HIV Research for Prevention conference (HIVR4P 2016) in Chicago last week. This was one of several presentations which highlighted inequalities in access to PrEP in the U.S. In a plenary talk, Noël Gordon of the Human Rights Campaign reminded delegates that white people make up 27% of new HIV diagnoses but 74% of PrEP users. There are also inequalities in terms of age and gender.

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